February 27, 2024

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Unlocking Indias Election Season: The Rise of the Worlds Largest Democracy

3 min read
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Unveiling India’s Election Season

India, the largest democracy globally, is gearing up for an upcoming election. However, concerns have been raised by activists and experts about the government’s efforts to suppress critical voices and tighten its control over the information landscape.

The Crackdown on Dissenting Platforms

Raqib Hameed Naik, a journalist and founder of Hindutva Watch, a platform tracking religiously motivated violence in India, received a notice from Twitter, stating that the website’s account had been blocked as per the Indian Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY). The platform and its sister site, the India Hate Lab, have been actively documenting incidents of violence by supporters of the ruling Hindu-nationalist Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP). The decline in press freedom under the current government has led to limited spaces for critical reporting on its policies and their impact on minorities, particularly with an impending surge in hate crimes during the election period.

Government’s Persistent Efforts

Naik revealed that the Indian government had previously attempted to remove Hindutva Watch’s content from various platforms, citing violations of India’s IT Act. However, the recent blocking of the entire account by the national government marks a concerning escalation.

Consequences of Censorship

The censorship of platforms like Hindutva Watch and India Hate Lab has raised concerns among experts like Kian Vesteinsson from Freedom House, who emphasized the importance of independent researchers and civil society in shaping public perception during elections. The blocking of such critical information disconnects Indian voters from crucial insights.

Move Towards Authoritarianism

The ban on Hindutva Watch and India Hate Lab is perceived as a part of the government’s broader strategy to assert control over information and suppress dissent. Critics worry that this reflects a trend towards increasing authoritarianism in the world’s largest democracy, particularly under the leadership of Prime Minister Narendra Modi and his Hindu nationalist agenda.

Challenges for Tech Platforms

Raman Jit Singh Chima from Access Now highlighted a significant increase in blocking orders issued by the government to tech platforms and telecom companies. This crackdown extends beyond civil unrest to content that the government deems damaging to the country’s global reputation.

Legal Ambiguity

Mishi Choudhary, a legal expert, raised concerns about the lack of transparency and due process in the issuance of blocking orders. The ambiguous nature of these orders makes it challenging for platforms, ISPs, or users to contest them, as they are not provided with clear explanations or opportunities for a hearing.

Key Points:

– India’s upcoming election season is overshadowed by concerns about the government’s crackdown on dissenting voices and critical information platforms.
– The blocking of Hindutva Watch and India Hate Lab reflects a broader trend of increasing authoritarianism under Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s leadership.
– Experts emphasize the crucial role of independent researchers and civil society in shaping public perception during elections, underscoring the impact of censorship on voters’ access to vital information.

The evolving situation in India raises significant concerns about the erosion of freedom of expression and the implications for the democratic process, warranting close attention and scrutiny from the global community.

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